Professor of History of Christianity
at the University of Catania
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Friedrich Schleiermacher, LO STUDIO DELLA TEOLOGIA

editoriale e traduzione di Roberto Osculati, postface di Attilio Agnoletto [Giornale di Teologia 10], Queriniana, Brescia 1978, pp. 244


F.D.E. Schleiermacher (1768-1834) began his teaching at the new university in Berlin in 1810 with a course on methodology. The work first came out as notes for his students. After various revisions, it took on a more definite shape in a second edition in 1830. This work, entitled Kurze Darstellung des Theologischen Studiums, was then translated into Italian. In it, this great philosopher and theologian examines the scientific value of the theological experience. A colleague of Ficte and Hegal, and a friend and collaborator of various well known historians and philologists, Schleiermacher, at the time, was at once a teacher of philosophy and theology, a very active member of the Academy of the Sciences at Berlin, and a well known preacher. In this work, Schleiermacher differentiates the formal structures of theological thought in their relationship to the dialectic, ethics, and philology. The fundamental concepts of historical and philosophical culture of the time are used as the basis for a theology of the religious experience. Subjects which are as current today as ever such as biblical hermaneutics, the development of doctrine, human freedom in the ecclesial setting are examined by a thinker endowed with an extraordinarily critical intellect. The ecumenical spirit and conciliatory spirit of this great theologian are indeed remarkable. This was the first work of the mature Schleiermacher which appeared in Italian. It serves even today as a genial introduction to modern protestant theology. Neither should one overlook the affinity of his work to certain aspects of a more refined Catholicism. This Italian edition of the work is edited by Roberto Osculati, who provides a useful and well informed introduction and an ample bibliography. The work also contains an afterward by Attilio Agnoletto of Milan's University of Studies.